Sunday, March 26, 2017

Word families. Word formation.

It might seem incredible, but words with Latin and Greek origin surround us everywhere. When people go on a subway, get prescriptions from their psychiatrists, drive their automobiles or take photographs, they often do not suspect that so many words actually derive from these ancient languages. As a phylologist, I find it very beneficial to know Latin and Greek roots and prefixes, as then it is much easier to guess the meaning of the word. First and foremost, you don't have to work on this material overtime, because even a bunch of roots and prefixes will open for you many prospectives on learning the language. After that, you will be able to conduct a little research on the word as if you put it under the microscope and study its autonomous parts.

 The Cyber School (p.138-139)


Noun
Verb
Adjective
Adverb
supervision
supervise
supervisory
-
exploration
explore
exploratory
-
interaction
interact
interactive
interactively
production
produce
productive
productively
increase
increase
increasing
increasingly
discussion
discuss
discussing
-
direction
direct
direct
directly
slowness
slow
slow
slowly
change
change
changing
-
shortage
shorten
short
shortly

On the Move

Refugee Crisis

In recent years, the problem of refugees has risen to a critical scale. Thousands of people have to flee from the devastating war in their native countries. Ethnic groups and minorities from Afganistan, Syria and many other countries seek asylum in Europian lands. Fortunately, the governments of these countries meet them with no hostility, even though immigrants often face prejudice against them while getting the hang of living in a new surrounding. There are still people, who have no desire to support the "invasion" of refugees in their native towns. 
Yet, it is important to get into the refugees' shoes and think about the situation they happened to get in. They are uprooted from their homes, forced to seek refuge from the terrorists, who disrupt the peace in their countries, and they have to integrate into a completely new society. Moreover, the cultural shock and differences in religious faith make it harder to get accustomed to the new way of living. There are many stereotypes about refugees, but, sadly, there is sometimes more background for them than simply prejudiced people talking rubbish. Some people can't bear the new conditions they have to get used to, so they might provoke dangerous situations. Still, we should understand that this is not the matter of refugees but individuals, who repel the new law and order.
Therefore, refugee crisis is a crucial problem, but as long as our society remains accepting and caring, people can feel safe in their new homes and look forward to returning to their native land when the peace will be finally achieved.

Appearance and Character. Relationships.






Friday, March 10, 2017

Online tools and resources for vocabulary building


Dear Janice,
I hope you are well. I am writing to you to share some ideas on how to stay motivated and improve your English skills. Nowadays, there are many online tools, which can help you achieve your goal effectively. To make the most of learning English, I suggest you take a look at these online tools.

  • Just the Word - using this tool, you can explore different ways of combining the words into colloctations.
  • Synonym Finder - there you can find lots of synonyms to any word with remarkable ease.
Moreover, when you want to look a word up in a dictionary, you should definitely give these a try.
  • The Free Dictionary - there you can pick and choose useful expressions and their definitions.
  • Urban Dictionary - don't take all the expressions very seriously there, as this dictionary contains mostly slang that appears on the Internet every day.
  • Devil's Dictionary - when you're bored of concentrating your mind on endless wordlists, you can explore a wide range of extraordinary definitions to various words. 


Finally, you can use Quizlet to brush up on the words you want to learn and divide them in topics.
Take a look at the set of vocabulary I created: https://quizlet.com/_384vhc

I sincerely hope that my tips will help you do your best in learning languages and adopt a method that will work for you.

Best wishes,
Sasha.

Monday, February 20, 2017

Using dictionaries effectively

While building up your vocabulary, translating new words is just the tip of the iceberg. You have to start to use the dictionary properly in order to get the hang of the language you learn. After watching a few videos about the effective usage of the dictionary, I pointed out some tips, which will definitely work for those who want to make progress.

  • Using a monolingual dictionary will help you speak the language fluently. For instance, learning English will be easier why trying to understand the meaning of the word given in English. This way, you will be operating a wide range of vocabulary.
  • Don't look up the word immideately after hearing or reading it. At first, try to guess the meaning of the word, and you will memorize new words with remarkable ease.
  • It is frustrating to confuse the words while speaking, so remember to identify words according to the part of speech they belong to. Also, learn appropriate forms of the word in order to make yourself understood.
  • Last but not least, take the task of learning new words seriously. To make the most of your dictionary, you have to actively use the words and brush up on them regularly.
A word I often mispronounce: winding [,waindiŋ] - following a twisting or spiral course.

Some words I often confuse: 

  • premedication [pri:medi'keiʃ(ə)n] - medication that is given in preparation for an operation or other treatment; premeditation [pri,medi'teiʃ(ə)n] - the action of planning something (especially a crime) beforehand; intent.
  • hideous ['hidiəs] - extremely ugly; hilarious [hi'le(ə)riəs] - extremely amusing.
Words, which entered the dictionary in 2016:


  • YouTuber (n.) /ˈjuːtjuːbə/ - a frequent user of the video-sharing website YouTube, especially someone who produces and appears in videos on the site.
  • Human bean (n., colloq.) ['hju:mən bi:n]  - a humorous alteration or mispronunciation of 'human being'.
  • Glamping (n.) /ˈɡlampɪŋ/ - a form of camping that involves accomodation and facilities more luxurious than those associated with traditional camping.



Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Techniques and strategies of vocabulary building


Sometimes it is quite hard to stay motivated and make progress while learning a language. That is why it is important to develop your own method of vocabulary expanding, which will help you build up confidence in speaking a language. There are some tips that work for me. 
First and foremost, set reasonable goals. It is great to use a wide range of different words, but you have to be aware of your possibilities. Try to focus on the vocabulary, which is relevant to your current level.
While making notes, try to provide your own definitions and put the translation into brackets, if needed. Also, break the amount of the words into small chunks, for instance, divide them into individual words, collocations, pharasals and idioms. A step-by-step approach will help you make an improvement with remarkable ease.
Undoubtedly, revising new words is a part and parcel of building your vocabulary. Brush up on all the expressions every day and find suitable mnemonic techniques according to your type of memory.
Finally, always remember that by trial and error, you will definitely know all the words like the back of your hand and will have a good head for learning languages.
also attach some pages from my lexical note to illustrate my way of dealing with the new vocabulary.